The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation.

Laparoscopic fundoplication after lung transplantation does not appear to alter lung function trajectory

Published:December 05, 2022DOI:


      The primary aim of this study was to determine if allograft function in lung transplant (LTx) recipients improves or stabilizes after laparoscopic fundoplication (LF). The secondary aim was to examine the differences in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) before and after LF for various subgroups to identify patients who obtained a superior respiratory outcome after LF, and potential predictive factors for this outcome.


      Retrospective analysis of consecutive LTx recipients undergoing LF at a single centre in Brisbane, Australia between 2004 and 2018. 149/431 proceeded to LF after clinical review and pH study. Regular pre- and post-fundoplication pulmonary function tests were collected from participants. Data were analyzed with linear mixed models, random intercept models, the Reliable Change Index (RCI), and graphical and visual analysis of the trajectory of FEV1.


      There was 100% follow-up. After Bonferroni adjustment for multiple comparison was performed, none of the models demonstrated statistical significance. The Reliable Change Index showed one patient had a significant improvement in lung function across that time period, while nine had a significant reduction. The rate of change before and after LF was similar for the 132/149 patients for whom the first and last pre- and post-LF FEV1 values were available. A subset of patients had a considerable reduction in their FEV1 in the peri-operative period (i.e., a large difference between the first measurement post-LF and the final measurement pre-LF).


      In the largest published cohort to date, LF performed in a high-volume center did not appear to alter the reduction in allograft function seen with time.


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