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The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation.

Influence of multimorbidity and socioeconomic factors on long-term cross-sectional health care service utilization in heart transplant recipients: A Danish cohort study

Published:January 08, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healun.2022.01.006

      Abstract

      Background: Survival after heart transplantation has increased due to continuously refined and effective care management. Knowledge is sparse on the influence of multimorbidity and social vulnerability on management. We assessed the long-term influence of multimorbidity and socioeconomic factors on cross-sectional health care service utilization in heart transplant recipients.
      Methods: First-time heart transplant recipients, from the Transplant Center at Aarhus University Hospital, were followed from transplant until December 31, 2018. We linked individual-level data from the Scandiatransplant Database to Danish national registers. We followed recipients for 15 years using descriptive statistic.
      Results: We identified 325 recipients; 79% were male and 60% were between 41 and 60 years of age. The median (IQR) number of chronic conditions at baseline was 1.0 (1.0 - 2.0). The prevalence of recipients with ≥ 3 chronic conditions in the follow-up period 0-1 year was 10% and 65% within 10-15 years. The median use of cross-sectional health care services was higher in recipients with ≥ 3 chronic conditions compared to < 3 chronic conditions during follow-up intervals. The median utilization of hospital outpatient visits and consultations in general practice were higher in recipients with low educational level, low employment status, or low income, respectively. We observed lower median number of redeemed prescriptions for medical therapies in recipients living alone or within the lowest income group.
      Conclusion: The use of cross-sectional health care services was higher in heart transplant recipients with increased incidence of comorbidities during follow-up intervals. A socioeconomic influence was observed in the utilization of services.

      Graphical Abstract

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