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The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation.

Percutaneous versus surgical cannulation for femoro-femoral VA-ECMO in patients with cardiogenic shock: results from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registry

Published:January 08, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healun.2022.01.009

      Abstract

      Purpose

      : Percutaneous cannulation is increasingly used for veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO). However, there is limited evidence about the benefit of this approach compared with conventional surgical cannulation. By using a large international database, this study was designed to compare in-hospital outcomes in cardiac shock patients who received femoro-femoral VA-ECMO with percutaneous versus surgical cannulation.

      Methods

      : Adults with refractory cardiogenic shock treated with percutaneous (percutaneous group) or surgical (surgical group) femoro-femoral VA-ECMO between January 2008 and December 2019 were extracted from the international Extracorporeal Life Support Organization registry. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the association between percutaneous cannulation and in-hospital outcomes.

      Results

      : Among 12592 patients meeting study inclusion, 9249 (73%) underwent percutaneous cannulation. The proportion of patients undergoing percutaneous cannulation increased from 32% to 84% over the study period (p<0.01 for trend). In-hospital mortality (53% vs 58%; p<0.01), cannulation site bleeding (19% vs 22%; p<0.01), and systemic infection (8% vs 15%; p<0.01) occurred less frequently in the percutaneous group compared to the surgical group. In adjusted analyses, percutaneous cannulation was independently associated with lower rates of in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR] 0.76; 95% CI 0.70-0.84; p<0.01), cannulation site bleeding (OR 0.70; 95% CI 0.60-0.80; p<0.01) and systemic infection (OR, 0.63; 95% CI 0.54-0.74; p<0.01). Severe limb ischemia was more frequently observed in the percutaneous group (5% vs 3%; p<0.01). However, this association was not significant in adjusted analysis (OR 1.28; 95% CI 0.93-1.62; p=0.15).

      Conclusions

      : Compared with surgical cannulation, percutaneous cannulation was independently associated with lower in-hospital mortality and fewer complications.

      Keywords

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